With World Hepatitis Day approaching on July 28, ISGlobal researchers Jeffrey Lazarus and Camila Picchio co-author a timely comment in Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology where they argue that expanding and simplifying early testing of viral hepatitis is crucial if we are to eliminate it by 2030.
Viral hepatitis caused an estimated 1.3 million deaths in 2016, mostly due to hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) combined. The availability of a highly effective HBV vaccine and recent arrival of direct-acting antiviral treatments for HCV are major steps towards the goal of eliminating viral hepatitis as a major public health by 2030. However, the vast majority of people chronically infected with HBV and HCV remain undiagnosed and, among those diagnosed, many are at an advanced stage of liver disease.
“This has major consequences at the individual and public health levels,” says Lazarus. Untreated people are highly infectious and at risk of becoming seriously ill. The solution is “simple and straightforward,” and involves expanding early testing, linking it to care and raising awareness about the effectiveness of new treatments. Testing in community settings needs to be scaled up in order to reach the populations most at risk, such as people who inject drugs and migrants. Point-of-care testing for HCV, for example, is particularly simple and rapid.
“Without concerted action, elimination will prove impossible and the mortality from HBV and HCV will not decrease,” concludes Lazarus.
- Lazarus JV, Picchio C, Dillon JF, Rockstroh JK, Weis N, Buti M. Too many people with viral hepatitis are diagnosed late - with dire consequences. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Jul 19. doi: 10.1038/s41575-019-0177-z.
- Averhoff F, Lazarus JV, Sergeenko D et al. Excellence in viral hepatitis elimination – Lessons from Georgia. J of Hepatol. 27 July 2019.
- Safreed-Harmon K, Blach S, Aleman S, Kielland KB, Bollerup S, Cooke G, Dalgard O, Dillon J, Dore G, Duberg A, Grebely J, Midgard H, Porter K, Razavi H, Tyndall M, Weis N, Lazarus JV. The Consensus Hepatitis C Cascade of Care: standardized reporting to monitor progress toward elimination. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 28 July 2019. doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz714
- Grebely J, Hajarizadeh B, Lazarus JV, Bruneau J, Treloar C, on behalf of the International Network on Hepatitis in Substance Users. Elimination of hepatitis C virus infection among people who use drugs: Ensuring equitable access to prevention, treatment, and care for all. International Journal of Drug Policy. 23 July 2019. doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.07.016.