Entorno Urbano y Salud Cardiometabólica desde el Nacimiento hasta la Adolescencia

Projecte UrbaMet
Foto: Claire Zhu / Unsplash
01/05/2019 - 30/04/2021
Martine Vrijheid
Instituto de Salud Carlos III

The understanding of how the urban environments affect health has been recognized as an urgent research priority. Urban environments are complex systems and there is a need to better understand how different domains of the urban environment interact with different individual behaviours and with a wide range of cardio-metabolic health outcomes during childhood.


UrbaMet aims to examine whether exposures in the urban environment influence cardio-metabolic health trajectories in children up to age 15 years in the longitudinal birth cohort study INMA, using state-of-the-art geographic information systems (GIS), biomarker, sensor, and imaging approaches to accurately assess exposures, outcomes, and mediators.

UrbaMet will start a new follow-up examination of the INMA children at 14-15 years of age (500 participants). As part of UrbaMet we will measure cardio-metabolic outcomes (pulse wave velocity, carotid intima media thickness, blood pressure, body mass index, body fat mass and distribution, lipid profiles, liver enzymes, and insulin resistance) in the children.

Urban environment measures (for the built environment, walkability, green spaces, food environment, and social environment) will be linked to geocodes using GIS. Data on mediating behaviours such as physical activity, sleep, diet, and commuting mode will be collected from the adolescents using novel sensors and computerised questionnaire tools. Stress levels will be measured through cortisol in hair.

UrbaMet is novel in that it will be the first longitudinal study to combine measurements of multiple urban environment domains during sensitive developmental time periods (early-life) with a comprehensive and longitudinal assessment of cardio-metabolic health and behavioural risk factors up until adolescence.

Total Funding

75,020 €

Our Team


  • Martine Vrijheid
    Martine Vrijheid Cap del programa d'Infància i medi ambient, Research Professor i Coordinadora de la Cohort INMA-Sabadell

ISGlobal Team

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