The discovery of antibiotics and their application in the treatment of infectious diseases at the end of the nineteenth century is seen as one of the most important breakthroughs in the history of biomedicine. The advent of antibiotics was also a key factor in the subsequent unprecedented increase in life expectancy in developed countries. However, the introduction of antimicrobial agents into our society also marked the start of a parallel process which is increasingly growing in significance: the emergence of microorganisms that are resistant to antimicrobial drugs. This growing antimicrobial resistance now represents a serious threat to the medical advances achieved over the last 130 years after long and arduous battles against bacterial pathogens.
This infographic illustrates 7 vital facts concerning antibiotic resistance.