- 01/01/2019 - 31/12/2021
- Alberto García-Basteiro
- Funded by
Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease that remains one of the top ten causes of death worldwide and the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. In 2018, 10 million people fell ill with TB which led to 1.2 million deaths among HIV-negative people and an additional 251,000 deaths among HIV positive patients. It is caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is spread when people who are sick with TB expel bacteria into the air; for example, by coughing. It typically affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect other sites (extrapulmonary TB). About a quarter of the world’s population is infected with M. tuberculosis and thus at risk of developing TB disease. The number of TB cases occurring each year (and thus the number of TB-related deaths) can also be driven down by reducing the prevalence of health-related risk factors for TB (e.g. smoking, diabetes and HIV infection), providing preventive treatment to people with a latent TB infection, and taking multisectoral action on broader determinants of TB infection and disease (e.g. poverty, housing quality and undernutrition).
The overall objective of this dictionary is to obtain a comprehensive review of terms related to tuberculosis and to create a glossary that unifies the main vocabulary in the fight against the disease. Given the relevance of tuberculosis and the big community working on the disease from different backgrounds and contexts, a dictionary will be helpful for the community, as it is important to employ consensual and appropriate terms and definitions, for professionals and institutions, from both public health and research.
Other projectsSee Past Projects
Linkage and retention in care following home-based HIV testing serosurveys in Manhiça District, Southern Mozambique
Improved case detection through TB contact risk stratification by Xpert results and spatial parameters in Mozambique
Evaluation of the effect of weekly high dose rifapentine and isoniazid (3HP) vs periodic 3HP vs 6H for preventing TB among HIV-positive individuals
Measuring community prevalence among HIV exposed children in rural Southern Mozambique
Improving Maternal and Infant Health by reducing malaria risks in African women: evaluation of the safety and efficacy of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in HIV-infected pregnant women
Optimizing provider-initiated HIV testing, linkage, and retention in care in the district of Manhiça, Mozambique
Integrating and decentralizing diabetes and hypertension services in Africa
Predicting the Future: Incipient Tuberculosis
2nd Generation Color Agar Plates to Diagnose MDR-Tuberculosis: a Prospective Pilot Study