Investigación

The Lungfit Project

Socioeconomic Status, Physical Activity, and Respiratory Health in Pregnant Women, Children, and Adolescents

Un niño y una niña pasean en la playa
Foto: Yujia Tang / Unsplash
Duración
01/04/2020 - 31/12/2021
Coordinador
Maribel Casas (ISGlobal) / Helmut Schröder (IMIM)
Financiadores
CIBERESP

Physical inactivity has been identified as a global pandemic and as the fourth leading cause of premature death worldwide. Most research on physical activity focuses on the adult population but other age ranges are also relevant to population health. Children, adolescents, and pregnant women especially benefit by having an active lifestyle but still present low levels of physical activity. Between 60 to 80% of children and adolescents and 15% to 25% of pregnant women do not meet the physical activity recommendations, and the prevalence of those who surpassed the maximum recommended sedentary time is equally alarming.

Physical inactivity has been related to the occurrence of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular, obesity, and poor mental health. However, the potential effect of low physical activity on allergic diseases has not been established despite the co-occurrence of the inactivity epidemic with a peak in these diseases and the existence of biological mechanisms supporting it. Children and adolescents with a lower socioeconomic status present a higher risk of allergic disorders.

At the same time, it is known that lifestyle such as physical activity practice is often not the result of individual choice but rather follows a social gradient. Indeed, studies in the adult population have shown that socioeconomic status is a major determinant of physical activity. However, the evidence is not clear for children, adolescents, or pregnant women. Most studies in these subgroups of the population have used a cross-sectional design, despite the changing nature of the physical activity behaviour at these age periods, and subjective methods to assess physical activity, with the subsequent potential information bias.

Objectives

In LungFit we aim to assess (i) the association of socioeconomic factors with physical activity in pregnant women, children, and adolescents; and (ii) the association between maternal socioeconomic status and the incidence and progression of allergic diseases in children and adolescents and the role of physical activity in this association.

Total Funding

50,000 €

 

Nuestro equipo

Coordinator

ISGlobal Team

Otros proyectos

Ver proyectos pasados

EGG/EAGLE

Early Genetics Growth/Early Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology

PACE

Pregnancy and Childhood Epigenetics

APACHE

Air Pollution, Autism spectrum disorders, and brain imaging in CHildren amongst Europe

LIFECYCLE

Early-life stressors and LifeCycle health

ATHLETE

Advancing Tools for Human Early Lifecourse Exposome Research and Translation

MOOD-COVID

Pre- and post-natal Maternal mental health and newbOrn neurOdevelopment during the COVID-19 panDemic

EUCAN-Connect

A federated FAIR platform enabling large-scale analysis of high-value cohort data connecting Europe and Canada in personalized health

OBERON

An integrative strategy of testing systems for identification of EDs related to metabolic disorders

ExPEC-TEEN

Prenatal Exposure to Environmental Pollutants and Metabolic and Cardiovascular Health of the Teenagers

AURORA 2021

Actionable eUropean ROadmap for early-life health Risk Assessment of micro- and nanoplastics

HELIX-NAFLD

Developmental origins of child liver injury: the effect of early life environmental exposures

UrbaMet

Entorno Urbano y Salud Cardiometabólica desde el Nacimiento hasta la Adolescencia

NutriPROGRAM

Early-life Nutritional Programming of Metabolic Health through Epigenetic Pathways

ELHNA

Exposures to light pollution and heat, and neurodevelopment in adolescents

ONES

Fine Particle Matter, Fetal Growth, and Neurodevelopment: Examining Critical Windows of Susceptibility

AIR-NB

Pre-natal exposure to urban AIR pollution and pre- and post-Natal Brain development

FRONTIER

Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Birth Weight: the Roles of Noise, Placental Function, Green Space, Physical Activity, and Socioeconomic Status

The APBO Project

Air Pollution and Birth Outcomes: Windows of Exposure and Health and Economic Impact Assessment

INMA-Ado-Sueño

Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, Noise, and Sleep Disorders in Adolescence

ANSES HyPAXE

Prenatal Exposure to a Family of Short Half-Life Endocrine Disruptors, Dysregulation of the Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Adrenal Axis and Potential Implication for Child Neurodevelopment at Early Age

EXPO-ENFANTS

Caractérisation des usages et de l’exposition aux radiofréquences induite par les dispositifs de communication mobiles chez les enfants

Lily

Light at Night Exposure and Sleep Quality

EMBRYORAD

Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields, Other Environmental Factors, and Development of the Embryo and Fetus

IGRO

The Impact of Maternal-Fetal Steroid Metabolome Exposure on Child GROwth and Neurological Outcomes

NutinBrain

The role of seafood and nut consumption on human neurodevelopment from pregnancy to adolescence