At the end of 2014, there were some 37 million people in the world infected with HIV and almost one-third of the estimated 1.2 million deaths annually in this population were due to TB. In the same year, TB not associated with HIV caused a million deaths, making both diseases leading causes of global mortality.
Efforts to strengthen HIV/TB interventions since 2000 have reduced the number of people dying of HIV-associated tuberculosis by 22%. However, the low coverage of antiretroviral therapy, resistance to those drugs, and the lack of diagnosis of both infections continue to be a problem in sub-Saharan Africa, the area with the highest TB burden in the world where more than 70% of the people with HIV live. Access to antiretroviral therapy is a priority in the fight against both infections, and the aim of the UNAIDS 90-90-90 initiative is to diagnose 90% of cases of HIV infection, treat 90% of those infected, and achieve viral suppression in 90% of those receiving antiretroviral treatment by 2020. Reaching this goal would make it possible to eliminate HIV/AIDS by 2030.
Our research on HIV/AIDS and TB focuses on the specific problems related to the epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, where the incidence of both diseases is extremely high in adults and children.
Main Lines of Research
- HIV and women's and children's health
- Pathogenesis of the acute and early stages of HIV infection
- Epidemiological and operational research in the community to improve access to antiretroviral therapy
- Epidemiological studies to determine the burden of tuberculosis in the community
- Assessment of new tools for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of tuberculosis
- Denise Naniche Research Professor, Co-Chair of the Viral and Bacterial Infections Programme
- Carole Amroune Desk Manager
- Sheila Fernandez Medical Research Fellow
- Laura de la Fuente Predoctoral Fellow
- Alberto García-Basteiro Assistant Research Professor
- Julián González Martín
- Jeffrey Lazarus Associate Research Professor
- Emili Letang Assistant Research Professor
- Elisabetta Salvo Project manager
- Guillermo V. Sequera Buzarquis
- Griselda Tudo Vilanova
- Camila Andrea Picchio Research assistant
Linkage and retention in care following home-based HIV testing serosurveys in Manhiça District, Southern Mozambique
Integrating and decentralizing diabetes and hypertension services in Africahttp://inteafrica.org/