Pharmaceutics 2018; 10(4): E225 -

Polyamidoamine Nanoparticles for the Oral Administration of Antimalarial Drugs.

Martí Coma-Cros E, Biosca A, Marques J, Carol L, Urbán P, Berenguer D, Riera MC, Delves M, Sinden RE, Valle-Delgado JJ, Spanos L, Siden-Kiamos I, Pérez P, Paaijmans K, Rottmann M, Manfredi A, Ferruti P, Ranucci E, Fernàndez-Busquets X
- i: - Plasmodium - Plasmodium yoelii - Plasmodium falciparum - Plasmodium - Plasmodium - Leishmania - Anopheles atroparvus - Anopheles gambiae - Plasmodium content: - "Current strategies for the mass administration of antimalarial drugs demand oral formulations to target the asexual " - " stages in the peripheral bloodstream, whereas recommendations for future interventions stress the importance of also targeting the transmission stages of the parasite as it passes between humans and mosquitoes. Orally administered polyamidoamine (PAA) nanoparticles conjugated to chloroquine reached the blood circulation and cured " - "-infected mice, slightly improving the activity of the free drug and inducing in the animals immunity against malaria. Liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry analysis of affinity chromatography-purified PAA ligands suggested a high adhesiveness of PAAs to " - " proteins, which might be the mechanism responsible for the preferential binding of PAAs to " - "-infected erythrocytes vs. non-infected red blood cells. The weak antimalarial activity of some PAAs was found to operate through inhibition of parasite invasion, whereas the observed polymer intake by macrophages indicated a potential of PAAs for the treatment of certain coinfections such as " - " and " - ". When fluorescein-labeled PAAs were fed to females of the malaria mosquito vectors " - " and " - ", persistent fluorescence was observed in the midgut and in other insect's tissues. These results present PAAs as a versatile platform for the encapsulation of orally administered antimalarial drugs and for direct administration of antimalarials to mosquitoes, targeting mosquito stages of " - .